scaling_28A scale and polish cleans your teeth very thoroughly.

Scaling removes the hard tartar which forms on your teeth like scale inside a kettle. You can’t remove it just by brushing your teeth. Scaling also removes trapped food and plaque containing millions of germs, which can cause tooth decay and gum disease.

There are two ways to scale teeth.

  • Hand scalers – These come in different sizes and shapes, to reach different parts of your teeth. This is why you will see the hygienist changing instruments quite often.
  • Electric scalers – These use very fast vibration with water. The water is sucked out of your mouth. A hand scaler is used to check whether the teeth are completely clean.

For polishing, your hygienist will use a rotating brush or rubber polisher with toothpaste.

Scaling cleans above and below the gums. If you have gum disease, scaling needs to be deeper, around the roots of the teeth.

This is called ‘root planing’.

What are the benefits?
  • Gum disease can cause bad breath, which you can prevent by regular scaling and cleaning your teeth thoroughly at home.
  • If your gums bleed when you brush, you may have early gum disease. Regular scaling helps to stop the disease getting worse.
  • Regular scaling and polishing helps keep your teeth and gums healthy by making it easier for you to keep your teeth clean at home. You should see and feel the difference.

Laser: An attractive alternative to traditional periodontal therapy

First Pass: Second Pass:
The laser removes the diseased tan tissue that is present on the tooth side of the gum in the space created between the gum and the tooth in FigB. After the first pass of the laser, the diseased gum tissue has been eliminated, leaving the gum attached to the cleaned root surface. The disease-causing microbes have also been eliminated. Figure E depicts the healthy gum tissue, which is ready to attach to the clean root surface created by the pezio scalers and hand instruments.

Benefits of laser gum treatment

  • Incredible results with no cutting or suturing.
  • Very little discomfort compared to standard gum surgery both during and after the procedure.
  • Less time commitment as compared to traditional surgery.scaling_28